Chemical Structure / July 19, 2018 / Aubrielle Spears
Chlorosulfonic acid is a strong acid that is synthesized on an industrial scale by reacting sulfur trioxide and dry hydrogen chloride gas in an equimolar ratio. It can act as a sulfonating, dehydrating, oxidizing and chlorinating agent. It is reported to be a better electrophilic olefin cyclization agent in comparison to other sulfonic acids. Its infrared spectra in the solid, liquid and gaseous state have been recorded in the region 4000-400cm-1.
Pure avobenzone is a whitish to yellowish crystalline powder with a weak odor, dissolving in isopropanol, decyl oleate, capric acidcaprylic acid triglycerides and other oils. Avobenzone is a dibenzoylmethane derivative. Avobenzone exists in the ground state as a mixture of the enol and keto forms, favoring the chelated enol. This enol form is stabilized by intramolecular hydrogen-bonding within the β-diketone. Its ability to absorb ultraviolet light over a wider range of wavelengths than many other sunscreen agents has led to its use in many commercial preparations marketed as "broad spectrum" sunscreens. Avobenzone has an absorption maximum of 357 nm.
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