Chemical Structure / July 6, 2018 / Mckenna Osborn
This reaction can be catalyzed by either acids or bases, or can occur at neutral pH under elevated temperatures. The highest yields of ethylene glycol occur at acidic or neutral pH with a large excess of water. Under these conditions, ethylene glycol yields of 90% can be achieved. The major byproducts are the oligomers diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, and tetraethylene glycol. The separation of these oligomers and water is energy-intensive. About 6.7 million tonnes are produced annually.
A versatile fluoride ion source used in a study of ion-specific swelling and de-swelling of ampholytic polymer gels, in the room temperature oxidation of noble metals in HF, and in the measurement of electronic polarizabilities of ions in polymers of alkali halides.
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