Chemical Structure / July 20, 2018 / Gabriela Rodriquez
Silicon tetrachloride (SiCl4) is an inorganic compound. It′s crystal structure is similar to that of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). SiCl4 can be synthesized by the chlorination of silicon compounds (e.g. Mg2Si, SiC, SiO2C). Silicon tetrachloride is a colorless, fuming liquid with a pungent odor. It is decomposed by water to hydrochloric acid with evolution of heat. It is corrosive to metals and tissue in the presence of moisture. It is used in smoke screens, to make various silicon containing chemicals, and in chemical analysis.
Benzidine is prepared in a two step process from nitrobenzene. First, the nitrobenzene is converted to 1,2-diphenylhydrazine, usually using iron powder as the reducing agent. Treatment of this hydrazine with mineral acids induces a rearrangement reaction to 4,4'-benzidine. Smaller amounts of other isomers are also formed. The benzidine rearrangement, which proceeds intramolecularly, is a classic mechanistic puzzle in organic chemistry.
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