Chemical Structure / July 5, 2018 / Gabriela Rodriquez
Propylene glycol, also called 1,2-propanediol, resembles ethylene glycol in its physical properties. Unlike ethylene glycol, however, propylene glycol is not toxic and is used extensively in foods, cosmetics, and oral hygiene products as a solvent, preservative, and moisture-retaining agent. Propylene glycol is manufactured in large amounts from propylene oxide, which is obtained from propylene.
Acetyl chloride undergoes reaction with decalin and aluminum trichloride to afford a tricyclic enol ether. It promotes the cyclopropanation of alkene with dibromomethane or diiodomethane in the presence of Zn dust and copper chloride in ether. Friedel-Crafts reaction of acetyl chloride with benzene in the presence of MCl3 (M = Al or Fe) in the ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride affords MCl3 adducts of the acetyl chloride, the acetylium ion [CH3CO]+[MCl4] and the MCl3 adduct of acetophenone
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