Chemical Structure / July 5, 2018 / Gabriela Rodriquez
Benzylamine is an organic chemical compound with the condensed structural formula C6 H5 CH2 NH2 (sometimes abbreviated as PhCH2NH2 or BnNH2). It consists of a benzyl group, C6H5CH2, attached to an amine functional group, NH2. This colorless liquid is a common precursor in organic synthesis and used in the industrial production of many pharmaceuticals. The hydrochloride salt was used to treat motion sickness on the Mercury-Atlas 6 mission in which NASA astronaut John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth.
Berberine is a cationic alkaloid that was first isolated in 1917 from goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis), a North American herb of the buttercup family. It is found in the roots, rhizomes, stems, and bark of many other plants, including Berberisspp. (worldwide), yellowroot (Southwestern United States), and the Amur cork tree (East Asia). It usually exists as the chloride, but T. Kametani and co-workers reported the total synthesis as the iodide in 1969.
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