Chemical Structure / July 5, 2018 / Gabriela Rodriquez
Acrylic acid undergoes the typical reactions of a carboxylic acid. When reacted with an alcohol, it forms the corresponding ester. The esters and salts of acrylic acid are collectively known as acrylates (or propenoates). The most common alkyl esters of acrylic acid are methyl, butyl, ethyl, and 2-ethylhexyl acrylate. Acrylic acid and its esters readily combine with themselves (to form polyacrylic acid) or other monomers (e.g. acrylamides, acrylonitrile, vinyl compounds, styrene, and butadiene) by reacting at their double bond, forming homopolymers or copolymers, which are used in the manufacture of various plastics, coatings, adhesives, elastomers, as well as floor polishes and paints.
Sodium methoxide has been used in the preparation of 5-(3-azidopropyl) uridine. It may be used in the synthesis of methyl 2-cyano-lup-3-hydroxy-2-en-28-oate (CN-BA), a 2-cyano derivative of betulinic acid (BA). Sodium methoxide may be used as an alkali catalyst for the production of fatty acid methyl esters (biodiesel) from vegetable oils via transesterification.
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