Chemical Structure / July 5, 2018 / Gabriela Rodriquez
Silicon tetrachloride (SiCl4) is an inorganic compound. It′s crystal structure is similar to that of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). SiCl4 can be synthesized by the chlorination of silicon compounds (e.g. Mg2Si, SiC, SiO2C). Silicon tetrachloride is a colorless, fuming liquid with a pungent odor. It is decomposed by water to hydrochloric acid with evolution of heat. It is corrosive to metals and tissue in the presence of moisture. It is used in smoke screens, to make various silicon containing chemicals, and in chemical analysis.
Benzylamine is used in the industrial manufacturer of numerous pharmaceuticals, including alniditan, lacosamide, moxifloxacin, and nebivolol. It is also used to manufacture the military explosive hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (HNIW) which is superior to older nitroamine high explosives like HMX and RDX, though it is less stable. The US Navy is testing HNIW for use in rocket propellants, such as for missiles, as it has lower observability characteristics such as less visible smoke.
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