Chemical Structure / July 6, 2018 / Aubrielle Spears
Acetyl chloride undergoes reaction with decalin and aluminum trichloride to afford a tricyclic enol ether. It promotes the cyclopropanation of alkene with dibromomethane or diiodomethane in the presence of Zn dust and copper chloride in ether. Friedel-Crafts reaction of acetyl chloride with benzene in the presence of MCl3 (M = Al or Fe) in the ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride affords MCl3 adducts of the acetyl chloride, the acetylium ion [CH3CO]+[MCl4] and the MCl3 adduct of acetophenone
Titanium was discovered in Cornwall, Great Britain, by William Gregor in 1791, and was named by Martin Heinrich Klaproth after the Titans of Greek mythology. The element occurs within a number of mineral deposits, principally rutile and ilmenite, which are widely distributed in the Earth's crust and lithosphere, and it is found in almost all living things, water bodies, rocks, and soils. The metal is extracted from its principal mineral ores by the Kroll and Hunter processes. The most common compound, titanium dioxide, is a popular photocatalyst and is used in the manufacture of white pigments. Other compounds include titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4), a component of smoke screens and catalysts; and titanium trichloride (TiCl3), which is used as a catalyst in the production of polypropylene.
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